Exploring Vedic Mathematics Multiplication Models

1. Base Method

This method involves multiplying numbers using the base of 10 or powers of 10. It simplifies calculations by breaking down numbers into their components.

When using the base method for multiplication, numbers are broken down into their place values based on powers of 10. For example, when multiplying 34 by 25, you can break down 34 into 30 + 4 and 25 into 20 + 5. Then, you can multiply each part separately and add the results together to get the final answer.

By breaking down numbers into components based on powers of 10, the base method makes multiplication easier and more manageable. This approach is particularly useful when dealing with larger numbers or when mental math is required. It allows for a step-by-step calculation process that can be easily followed and understood.

One of the advantages of the base method is that it helps in developing number sense and fluency with multiplication. It allows individuals to see the relationships between numbers and how they can be manipulated to simplify calculations. This method can also be used to check the results of multiplication by verifying the individual components and ensuring they add up correctly.

Overall, the base method provides a structured and organized approach to multiplication that can be applied to various scenarios. By utilizing the base of 10 or powers of 10, this method offers a systematic way to multiply numbers efficiently and accurately.

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2. Nikhilam Sutra

Also known as the all from 9 and the last from 10 method, the Nikhilam Sutra is a technique used to simplify multiplication by complementing numbers to the nearest power of 10. This ancient Vedic mathematics approach makes calculations faster and more efficient by taking advantage of simple arithmetic tricks.

When using the Nikhilam Sutra method, numbers are adjusted to end in 0 or 10 to simplify multiplication. For instance, if you need to multiply 8 by 7, instead of directly multiplying these two numbers, you can adjust 8 to 10 by adding 2, and 7 to 10 by subtracting 3. Then you multiply the adjusted numbers (10 and 4) which is 40. Finally, you need to subtract the differences from the adjustments (2 and 3) from the product, giving you the final result of 40 – 5 = 35. This process is much quicker than the traditional multiplication method.

The Nikhilam Sutra technique not only simplifies multiplication but also enhances mental math skills. By practicing and mastering this method, one can perform calculations in a swift and accurate manner. This Vedic approach to mathematics is a valuable tool for students, teachers, and anyone looking to improve their mathematical abilities.

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3. Urdhva-Tiryak Sutra

Urdhva-Tiryak Sutra is a technique used for multiplication that combines vertical and crosswise multiplication methods. By using this approach, calculations can be done at a faster pace due to the combination of different methods.

This technique is particularly useful when dealing with large numbers or when there is a need to perform multiple calculations quickly. By utilizing a mix of vertical and crosswise multiplication, Urdhva-Tiryak Sutra allows for a more efficient and streamlined process for arriving at the final result. It eliminates the need for complex step-by-step calculations, making it a preferred method for many individuals.

By incorporating both vertical and crosswise multiplication techniques, Urdhva-Tiryak Sutra offers a comprehensive approach to multiplication that is both effective and efficient. It is a valuable tool for anyone looking to expedite their calculations and improve their overall mathematical abilities.

In conclusion, Urdhva-Tiryak Sutra provides a strategic method for conducting multiplication by combining vertical and crosswise techniques. This approach not only accelerates the calculation process but also enhances the accuracy of the results obtained. It is a versatile technique that can be applied in various mathematical scenarios to achieve optimal outcomes.

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4. Anurupyena Sutra

This method focuses on proportionality and similarity in multiplication. It simplifies calculations by adjusting numbers based on their ratio to each other.

Multiplication Method

The Anurupyena Sutra is a multiplication technique that emphasizes proportionality and similarity between numbers. By adjusting the numbers based on their ratio to each other, this method simplifies complex multiplication problems.


For instance, if we need to multiply 24 by 16 using the Anurupyena Sutra, we first observe the ratio between the two numbers. In this case, the ratio is 3:2 (24 is 3 times 8 and 16 is 2 times 8).

Next, we adjust both numbers according to this ratio. We multiply 24 by 3 to get 72 and 16 by 2 to get 32. Then, we multiply the adjusted numbers: 72 multiplied by 32 equals 2304.


By focusing on proportionality and similarity, the Anurupyena Sutra allows for quicker and more efficient multiplication calculations. It is particularly useful in situations where traditional methods may be cumbersome or time-consuming.


This multiplication technique can be applied to various mathematical problems, ranging from simple equations to more complex calculations. By understanding the relationship between numbers and adjusting them accordingly, users of the Anurupyena Sutra can enhance their mathematical skills and problem-solving abilities.

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5. Sankalana-Vyavakalanabhyam Sutra

Also known as addition and subtraction method, this technique involves combining addition and subtraction in multiplication. It simplifies calculations by breaking down numbers into simpler operations.

When using the Sankalana-Vyavakalanabhyam Sutra method, numbers are broken down into simpler parts to make calculations easier. This technique is particularly useful when dealing with large numbers or complex multiplication problems.

Advantages of Sankalana-Vyavakalanabhyam Sutra

One of the main advantages of this method is that it helps in reducing the complexity of multiplication problems. By breaking down the numbers into smaller parts, it becomes easier to perform the calculations step by step. This can be especially helpful for students who are just learning multiplication or for individuals who struggle with mental math.

Application of the Technique

The Sankalana-Vyavakalanabhyam Sutra technique can be applied in various mathematical problems where multiplication is involved. By using a combination of addition and subtraction within the multiplication process, it becomes a more manageable task. This method is not only efficient but also helps in improving overall calculation skills.

Overall, the Sankalana-Vyavakalanabhyam Sutra method is a valuable technique that simplifies multiplication calculations by breaking down numbers into simpler operations. It is a useful tool for students, teachers, and anyone who wants to improve their mathematical skills.

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